Causes of energy crisis

Causes of energy crisis

The lifeblood of our society is economical and abundant energy. Coal, oil and natural gas are supplying almost 90% of the world’s energy needs.

Hydro energy, nuclear energy and coal are primarily used to produce electrical energy. Biomass is used for cooking and heating. Natural gas is used mostly for heating. Our salvation lies primarily in wind and solar power. Although these sources may seem small, they represent the future because they are sustainable.

Oil is uniquely versatile and as a result powers almost all our machines. At nearly the speed of sound, airplanes powered by oil carry a plethora of people across the oceans every day. Oil-powered vehicles transport and produce our food. In USA alone, there are less people in seats than there are seats in oil-powered vehicles. Oil-powered machines are our only way of life that we have known for many years. Clearly, we are living in the age of oil, but that age is rapidly drawing to a close.

There is only sufficient oil to last 44 years if oil production stays constant until it is used up. As oil reserves become depleted, there will be less which will make keeping production constant impossible. Likewise, there is only enough coal to last 133 years and only enough natural gas to last 61 more years. Certainly by now, everyone realizes that gas and oil will become expensive and scarce within the lifetimes of our children or their children. There will inevitably be a transition to more renewable energy sources. That transition may be haphazard or planned — it is on us to decide. 66.3 percent of the world’s gas reserves are in the Middle East and the Russian Federation. The United States have 3.4 percent. On the other hand, The United States consume 25 percent of the world’s oil and 70 percent of that is imported.

The coming times of scarce energy reserves will be very hard for everyone here but it will be even harder if it is not anticipated. It is huge importance that the public and all the people who make decisions understand all the facts about the energy crisis we are about to face.

Americans consume 25% of all the energy produced in the world every year, but that consumption can’t last forever. To that end, the U.S. Department of Energy established the Energy Policy Act of 1992. This act promotes increases in the generation and utilization of electricity from renewable energy sources and furthers the advances of renewable energy technologies. In 1996, the Renewable Energy Policy Project released “The Environmental Imperative,” a plan for the energy market to draw on renewable energy to avoid the severe environmental impacts of the fossil fuel cycle. This plan details the environmental necessity of accelerating the use of renewable resources. It is important to realize that it usually takes as much as thirty to forty years in order to shift fuel patterns significantly and that using electricity as an alternative to oil will require a major adjustment by the American public. There is only a limited window of opportunity for us to make this energy transition without a major economic disruption.

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