Is biofuel feasible

Is biofuel feasible

Biodiesel, bioalcohol, biogas, bioethers, green diesel, cellulose ethanol, myco-diesel, algae fuel and all else are biofuels from different generations but all of these fuels have the same goal more or less, which is to take off some of the pressure that the ever growing globalization is putting on the fossil fuels and making the limited supply run out sooner than anticipated. However, the question remains whether or not it is practical or feasible to actually use these biofuels on a regular basis, be it independently or in combination with fossil fuels. Are the biofuels really efficient enough at this point of time to replace the use of oil or at least reduce oil usage to a significant degree? To answer that question, the first thing that we need to understand is that the main problem with biofuels is the fact that more often than not, they cost more than gas. If the cost of biofuel is significantly more than the gas available in abundance at the moment, then it is hard to make most people see past the cost difference. In a practical world, the economic factor will take precedence in the case of most people over environmental issues and therein lays the real problem. It has been observed that the green fuel industries thrive each time the gas prices shoot up while most of them have to close when the prices drop significantly.

Apart from the most obvious and also the most significant problem of higher price, there are other factors to be considered about biofuel as well. For example, the process of creating certain biofuels like biodiesel is not friendly to the environment at all. Some of the production procedures involve a lot of carbon gas emissions which are just as degrading for the environment as are the fumes released by vehicles which run on fossil fuel, if not more. Also, the “green” fuels may in most cases not be very effective in helping the ecology if entire forests are destroyed in order to make room for farming the crops (biomass) which are necessary for the production of certain biofuels. These are sadly the dark sides of biofuels which contrast one of the two main reasons that they were invented for, which is to save the environment. Another immediate impact that crop based biofuels would have on our lives is that if they became more popular as fuel crops, then there would definitely be a surge in the price of the food crops and thereby a shortage may also be unavoidable. This raises the question, what is more important, Food or fuel? However, the second generation and third generation biofuels that are derived from fungus (Gliocladium roseum) and algae (Botryococcus braunii, chlorella vulgaris) are a revelation. As these are not food crops, but it is yet possible to turn the biomass in them to biofuel, the pressure on food crops can at least be avoided. Even then, other adverse effects like soil erosion, deforestation, air pollution and all else make it clear that biofuels still have a long way to go before it can be established as a more dependable solution to our world’s fuel needs.

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